Mount Semeru facts have fascinated hikers from around the world. Here are five things you must know about the highest volcano in Java Island.
Dubbed the highest volcano in Java Island, Mount Semeru fascinate climbers and adventurers around the world. Standing 3,676m above the sea level, Semeru is one of the highest volcanoes in Indonesia. A great place to camp, trek, and see the sunrise, Semeru also demands caution from climbers regarding of its volcanic activity.
What interesting Mount Semeru facts this steep-sided mountain is known for?
Facts of Mount Semeru you must know before exploring it :
#1 : It’s an active volcano
Mount Semeru, as the 3rd highest volcano in Indonesia is an active volcano, until now. The first recorded eruption happened in 1818, and it has been ongoing during the 19th and 20th centuries. The volcano produces ash explosions in 10 to 30 minutes intervals, which become the iconic images of Semeru.
The eruptions of Semeru are typically small to moderate, with occasional incandescent bombs, lava flows, and pyroclastic clouds along with the ashes.
#2 : It Has Three Lakes
Despite the imposing look, Mount Semeru has three beautiful mountain lakes, 2 nearby the last village and 1 on the trekking route. The most famous one is RanuKumbolo, a popular basecamp for Semeru hikers – you can have a beautiful sunrise picture here. The other two are RanuRegulo and RanuPani. The distance between lakes is around 20-minute walk. Hikers may set up camps maximum 15 m away from the lake.
You cannot swim in these lakes since the cold temperatures can cause hypothermia. In Ranu Kumbolo it is not only because of the water temperature but also to keep the lake clean since it is also the water resources for hikers, for drink and cook. You are also not allowed to take a bath or wash plates/anything in this lake. RanuKombolo camp area now has a public toilet for hikers to use.
#3 : It is a part of National Park
Mount Semeru is a part of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, which covers several active volcanoes and the surrounding areas. This national park is the only one in Indonesia that has a sand sea area. It is a home of various endemic and endangered species, such as crab-eating macaques, Javanese deer, Sumatran wild dogs (dhole), and about 137 species of birds.
#4 :It Has a “Purple Savanna”
During the rainy season and a few months after, you can find the purple savanna just after you pass the “Tanjakan Cinta” after Ranukumbolo. The Oro-Oro Ombo valley will be covered by the purple flowers. Many people think that the purple flowers covering a large swath of this savanna are lavenders, but they are a type of verbenas (Verbena brasiliensisvell).
Unlike lavenders, these purple verbenas are invasive species. But the spreads seems to be controlled by the season, because during the dry season the plant will be die (or only die in the surface but the roots still alive), so you will only see the purple flower until around August – September, and then all will be brown and dusty during dry season.
#5 : Locals Consider It Sacred
Mount Semeru is considered sacred by locals and Hindu worshippers. They believe that the volcano is a spiritual “nail” that keeps Java Island attached in its place. There are several signs of worship in various spots in the mountain, like . a stone carving near RanuKumbolo Lake that is often adorned with white fabric and offerings.
Adventure Indonesia offers a customized tour to explore Mount Semeru and its surrounding areas. Understand these Mount Semeru facts before making inquiries and arranging for a memorable hiking trip.